Long Term Ecological Research - Reference Stand System

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W. Arthur McKee
Originator: Jerry Franklin
Originator: S. Greene
Originator: J. Means
Originator: S. Acker
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Long Term Ecological Research - Reference Stand System
Edition: Study Code: TV010
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
Publisher:
H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Long Term Ecological Research, Oregon State University
Online_Linkage: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/datafr.htm
Online_Linkage: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/researfr.htm
Description:
Abstract:
To examine patterns and rates of forest succession, and to measure tree growth and mortality, we maintain a network of long- term vegetation plots across western Oregon and Washington. The network extends through much of western Oregon and Washington, with sites representing most of the major forest zones and successional stages in the region. The duration of records ranges from temporary plots measured a single time, to permanent plots with up to 80 years of observations. Most of the permanent plots were established during two intervals: 1910 to 1948, and 1970 to 1989. The earlier plots were established by U.S. Forest Service researchers to quantify timber growth in young stands of important commercial species and to help answer other applied forestry questions. The more recent period of plot establishment began under the Coniferous Forest Biome program of the International Biological Program during the 1970s, and continued under the Long-term Ecological Research program. A broader set of objectives motivated plot establishment since 1970, especially quantification of composition, structure, and population and ecosystem dynamics of natural forests. In natural mature and old-growth forests, the annual rate of tree mortality varied dramatically along a west-to-east gradient from coastal Sitka spruce-western hemlock forests to interior ponderosa pine forests (observed annual rates of 0.8% and 3.0% in spruce-hemlock forests, 0.5% to 0.8% in montane Douglas-fir- western hemlock forests, and 0.3% and 0.5% in ponderosa pine forests). The fraction of tree mortality associated with wind also declined along the gradient away from the coast. [Source: Franklin, Shugart, Harmon, 1987, BioScience, 37(8): 550-556.]
Purpose:
To examine the rates of succession, and measure mortality and growth in representative forest types in the Pacific Northwest. To examine the structural dynamics of mature and old growth forests. This study examines the size, location, vigor, growth and regeneration of trees with the objective to provide baseline information about different habitats for comparisons. The sites also serve as research locations where measurements of ecosystem processes can be taken.
Supplemental_Information:
More detailed information for this data set and other related datasets can be located at http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/datafr.htm under the data catalog section. Special note should be made of the Data Access Policy and Data Use Agreement, Disclaimer, and Acknowledgement sections. Additional information on long term vegetation plots is available at http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/researfr.htm under regionalization. General information is available at http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/homepage.htm.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19100101
Ending_Date: present
Currentness_Reference: Ground Condition
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Variable - between 1 and 10 years rotation time
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: Western United States
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -160
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -110
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 70
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: tree density
Theme_Keyword: regeneration
Theme_Keyword: tree growth
Theme_Keyword: tree spacing
Theme_Keyword: species composition
Theme_Keyword: production
Theme_Keyword: mortality
Theme_Keyword: growth and yield
Theme_Keyword: succession
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Pacific Northwest
Place_Keyword: Oregon
Place_Keyword: Washington
Place_Keyword: Western Oregon
Place_Keyword: Western Washington
Place_Keyword: Mt. Baker - Snoqualmie National Forest
Place_Keyword: Gifford Pinchot National Forest
Place_Keyword: Cascade Head Experimental Forest
Place_Keyword: H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest
Place_Keyword: Wind River Experimental Forest
Place_Keyword: Fraser Experimental Forest
Place_Keyword: Naotak National Park
Place_Keyword: Ashland RNA
Place_Keyword: Bagby RNA
Place_Keyword: Cedar Flats RNA
Place_Keyword: Goat Marsh RNA
Place_Keyword: Hagan RNA
Place_Keyword: Neskowin Crest RNA
Place_Keyword: Quinault RNA
Place_Keyword: Twin Creeks RNA
Place_Keyword: Metolius RNA
Place_Keyword: T.T. Munger RNA
Place_Keyword: Pringle Falls RNA
Place_Keyword: Wildcat Mt. RNA
Place_Keyword: Middle Santiam RNA
Place_Keyword: Steamboat Mt. RNA
Place_Keyword: Torrey-Carleton RNA
Place_Keyword: Quilcene
Place_Keyword: Blyn
Place_Keyword: South Fork Hoh River
Place_Keyword: Colorado
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: California
Place_Keyword: Giant Sequoia National Park
Place_Keyword: Mt. Rainier National Park
Place_Keyword: Arapaho National Forest
Place_Keyword: Suislaw National Forest
Place_Keyword: Willamette National Forest
Place_Keyword: Mount Hood National Forest
Place_Keyword: Olympic National Forest
Place_Keyword: East Cascade Slope
Place_Keyword: Cascade Range
Place_Keyword: Coast Range
Place_Keyword: Klamath Mountains
Place_Keyword: Olympic Range
Place_Keyword: Western United States
Taxonomy:
Taxonomic_Keywords: Plants
Taxonomic_Keywords: Vegetation
Taxonomic_Keywords: Trees
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pseudotsuga
Species: menziesii
Applicable_Common_Names: Douglas-fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Thuja
Species: plicata
Applicable_Common_Names: Western red cedar
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: monticola
Applicable_Common_Names: White pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Tsuga
Species: heterophylla
Applicable_Common_Names: Western hemlock
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Tsuga
Species: mertensiana
Applicable_Common_Names: Mountain hemlock
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Abies
Species: concolor
Applicable_Common_Names: White fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Abies
Species: grandis
Applicable_Common_Names: Grand fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Abies
Species: lasiocarpa
Applicable_Common_Names: Subalpine fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Abies
Species: magnifica
Applicable_Common_Names: Red fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Abies
Species: magnifica shastensis
Applicable_Common_Names: Shasta red fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Acer
Species: glabrum
Applicable_Common_Names: Rocky Mountain maple
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Acer
Species: circinatum
Applicable_Common_Names: Vine maple
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Acer
Species: grandidentatum
Applicable_Common_Names: Bigtooth maple
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Alnus
Species: incana
Applicable_Common_Names: Mountain alder
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Alnus
Species: rhombifolia
Applicable_Common_Names: White alder
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Alnus
Species: rubra
Applicable_Common_Names: Red alder
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Alnus
Species: sinuata
Applicable_Common_Names: Sitka alder
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Arbutus
Species: menziesii
Applicable_Common_Names: Pacific madrone
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Calocedrus
Species: decurrens
Applicable_Common_Names: Incense cedar
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Chamaecyparis
Species: lawsoniana
Applicable_Common_Names: Port Orford cedar
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Chamaecyparis
Species: nootkatensis
Applicable_Common_Names: Alaskan yellow cedar
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Juniperus
Species: occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Names: Western juniper
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Juniperus
Species: scopulorum
Applicable_Common_Names: Rocky Mountain juniper
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Larix
Species: lyalli
Applicable_Common_Names: Subalpine larch
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Larix
Species: occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Names: Western larch
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Lithocarpus
Species: densiflora
Applicable_Common_Names: Tanoak
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: albicaulis
Applicable_Common_Names: Whitebark pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: attenuata
Applicable_Common_Names: Knobcone pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: contorta
Applicable_Common_Names: Lodgepole pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: flexilis
Applicable_Common_Names: Limber pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: jefferyi
Applicable_Common_Names: Jeffrey pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: lambertiana
Applicable_Common_Names: Sugar pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: ponderosa
Applicable_Common_Names: Ponderosa pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Populus
Species: tremuloides
Applicable_Common_Names: Quaking aspen
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Populus
Species: trichocarpa
Applicable_Common_Names: Black cottonwood
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Prunus
Species: emarginata
Applicable_Common_Names: Bitter cherry
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Prunus
Species: virginiana
Applicable_Common_Names: Common chokecherry
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pseudotsuga
Species: taxifolia
Applicable_Common_Names: Douglas fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Quercus
Species: chrysolepis
Applicable_Common_Names: Canyon live oak
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Quercus
Species: garryana
Applicable_Common_Names: Oregon white oak
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Quercus
Species: kelloggii
Applicable_Common_Names: California black oak
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Rhamnus
Species: purshiana
Applicable_Common_Names: Cascara
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Sequoia
Species: gigantea
Applicable_Common_Names: Giant sequoia
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Sequoia
Species: sempervirens
Applicable_Common_Names: Coast redwood
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Sorbus
Species: aucuparia
Applicable_Common_Names: European mountainash
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Umbellularia
Species: californica
Applicable_Common_Names: California laural
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Taxus
Species: brevifolia
Applicable_Common_Names: Pacific yew
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Castanopsis
Species: chysophylla
Applicable_Common_Names: Golden chinkapin
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Abies
Species: amablis
Applicable_Common_Names: Pacific silver fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Acer
Species: macrophyllum
Applicable_Common_Names: Big leaf maple
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Cornus
Species: nuttallii
Applicable_Common_Names: Pacific dogwood
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Abies
Species: procera
Applicable_Common_Names: Noble fir
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Picea
Species: breweriana
Applicable_Common_Names: Brewer's spruce
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Picea
Species: engelmannii
Applicable_Common_Names: Englemann spruce
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Picea
Species: sitchensis
Applicable_Common_Names: Sitka spruce
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Pinus
Species: sylvestris
Applicable_Common_Names: Scotch pine
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Populus
Species: angustifolia
Applicable_Common_Names: Narrowleaf cottonwood
Taxonomic_Coverage:
Specific_Taxonomic_Information:
Genus: Populus
Species: deltoides
Applicable_Common_Names: Eastern cottonwood
Access_Constraints:
Permission of the principle investigators is required to access this data. Refer to the OSU-LTER website data access policy page and user registration form for more information. http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/datafr.htm
Use_Constraints:
Limits on use are determined by the principal investigators.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Arthur McKee
Contact_Organization:
Oregon State University, Department of Forest

Science
Contact_Position: Site Director, H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address:
Oregon State University, Department of Forest

Science, 020 Forestry Sciences Lab
City: Corvallis
State_or_Province: OR
Postal_Code: 97331-7501
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (541) 750-7350
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 541-822-6300
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (541) 750-7329
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mckee@fsl.orst.edu

Data_Quality_Information:
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
The plots are best considered as point samples with the objective of understanding temporal and spatial gradients of controls. Plots have one of three spatial arrangements: (1) contiguous rectangles subjectively placed within an area of homogeneous forest; (2) circular plots subjectively placed within an area of homogeneous forest; and (3) circular plots systematically located on long transects to cover an entire watershed, ridge, or reserve. Rectangular study areas are mostly 1.0 ha or 0.4 ha (1.0 ac) in size. Circular plots are 0.1 ha (0.2 ac). In this study the tree stratum is the focus of work in closed-forest study areas. All trees larger than a minimum diameter (5 cm for most areas) are permanently tagged. Tree diameters are remeasured, and mortality recorded, every 5 or 6 years.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W. Arthur McKee
Originator: Jerry Franklin
Originator: S. Greene
Originator: J. Means
Originator: S. Acker
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Long Term Ecological Research - Reference Stand System
Edition: Study Code: TV010
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
Publisher:
H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Long Term Ecological Research, Oregon State University
Online_Linkage: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/datafr.htm
Online_Linkage: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/researfr.htm
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
The network also includes plots in early successional forest on three small (10-100 ha) watersheds within the Andrews Experimental Forest that were experimentally harvested in the 1960s and 1970s. Plots are distributed throughout the cutover areas of the watersheds, either regularly spaced along transects, or randomly placed within plant-community-type strata. Seedlings, saplings, and trees; and cover, biomass, and species composition of vascular understory plants have been measured on these plots beginning prior to harvest. Measurements were recorded annually for five to 10 years after harvest and are now taken every 3 to 4 years.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W. Arthur McKee
Originator: Jerry Franklin
Originator: S. Greene
Originator: J. Means
Originator: S. Acker
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Long Term Ecological Research - Reference Stand System
Edition: Study Code: TV010
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
Publisher:
H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Long Term Ecological Research, Oregon State University
Online_Linkage: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/datafr.htm
Online_Linkage: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/researfr.htm
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
The stands are surveyed into 25 X 25 slope corrected subplots marked with permanent stakes. All trees greater than the minimum size (usually 5 cm dbh) are tagged, diametered, vigor coded, and mapped. The mapping is done using a 5 X 5 m grid formed with string as a guide.
Methodology_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W. Arthur McKee
Originator: Jerry Franklin
Originator: S. Greene
Originator: J. Means
Originator: S. Acker
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Long Term Ecological Research - Reference Stand System
Edition: Study Code: TV010
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon
Publisher:
H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Long Term Ecological Research, Oregon State University
Online_Linkage: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/datafr.htm
Online_Linkage: http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/researfr.htm

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Western United States

Spatial_Reference_Information:

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Variable format and definitions fall within the entity categories of tree remeasurement, initial conditions, annual tree mortality, tree heights, remeasurement comments, mortality comments, and tree mapping coordinates.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Refer to the website http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/datafr.htm and go to data catalog >carbon and nutrient dynamics>
TV010>file format for details on attributes and enumerated domain values.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Arthur McKee
Contact_Organization:
Oregon State University, Department of Forest

Science
Contact_Position: Site Director, H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address:
Oregon State University, Department of Forest

Science, 020 Forestry Sciences Lab
City: Corvallis
State_or_Province: OR
Postal_Code: 97331-7501
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (541) 750-7350
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 541-822-6300
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (541) 750-7329
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mckee@fsl.orst.edu
Resource_Description: TV010 - LTER Reference Stand System
Distribution_Liability:
While substantial efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of data and documentation, complete accuracy of data sets cannot be guaranteed. All data are made available "as is". The Andrews LTER shall not be liable for damages resulting from any use or misinterpretation of data sets.
Custom_Order_Process:
Refer to Data Access Policy and the User Registration Form at http://www.fsl.orst.edu/lter/datafr.htm for more details on obtaining this data.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 19990408
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Olympic Natural Resource Center
Contact_Position: GIS Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing Address
Address: PO Box 1628
City: Forks
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98331
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 360.374.3220 x258
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 3603743336
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: onrc@u.washington.edu
Hours_of_Service: M-F 8-5
Contact_Instructions: Email preferred
Metadata_Standard_Name:
NBII Content Standard for National Biological Information Infrastructure Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: December 1995

Generated by mp on Mon May 24 15:55:02 1999